The name of these hyungs and the creator is Grandmaster Hwang Kee, the founder of Moo Duk Kwan Tang Soo Do. The Kee Cho Hyungs were created in 1947 in Seoul, Republic of Korea. Each of the three Kee Cho Hyung: Il Bo, Ee Bo, and Sam Bo have approximately 22 movements.
They were originally called "Jae-Nam" and created by Okinawan Master Mr. Idos. In the Hwa Nam area of China, approximately 1870, Mr. Idos reorganized the Jae-Nam form into closely resembling the present Pyung Ahn Hyung. When one begins to master the Pyung Ahn Hyungs, they will develop a feeling of "Pyung" meaning peace and confidence; balance and calmness with ones self and nature. "Ahn" meaning safe, confident and comfortable. These are feelings a person will develop in their mind and body regardless of any situation.
The hyung that presupposes the spirit and strength necessary to break into an enemy's stronghold. It is full of vitality. It is a hyung of the usage of opposites: Composure and agility, strength and change, fast and slow, light and heavy. Application of strength. The hyung originally came from the So Rim Sa Kwon Bup style. It was created in the mid to late 16th century in Ha Nam area of China.
" I gather within me all forces of earth. I look up and ask the heavens
for perfection of self. I instill its force and energy into my body." The
origin of the three Nai Han Chi Hyungs in unknown. It is a fact that they were
practiced as one kata around 1825. Because of its length and degree of
difficulty, the kata is now divided into three sections for sections for
teaching purposes. The form was developed as a defense against four to eight
opponents, with the performer pinned against a wall defending to the right, the
left, the front, but never to the rear.
The hyung enables one to perform the actions of ten men. It enables a person
to deal with weapon attacks especially stick attacks. Blocking strongly, crucial
roles of the hips. Concentration of power must be understood in this hyung. In
the hyung, twisting the body, over turning the opponent, tightening parts of the
body, and taking the opponent by force will be mastered.
To pounce on an enemy. In this position one should have the feeling of
overpowering the enemy's movements. The hyung is for mastering balance while
standing on one leg and using counterattacks.
The name came from a member of a Ming Dynasty and an expert in Chinese
boxing. The hyung was formed to learn to dispose of a variety of attacks made by
a number of opponents coming from four to eight directions. The form executes
fast and slow techniques with dynamics of strength showing extension and
contraction of the body. The hyung will demand changes of direction, jumping and
going into a low ground position.
By using the high and low flight of the swallow the upper level rising
strikes and with its jumping and striking movements while grasping the opponent
and pulling him in gives the hyung its characteristics. The hyung represents the
light, easy, keen, and quick-witted movements of the "flying swallow.
From the Jion Temple this hyung is the feeling of perfect harmony like the
Buddhas and in its calm movements, a strong spirit. The hyung is appropriate for
mastering rotational movements and shifting directions. The hyung is most
effective for mastering fast and slow tempos with fundamentals of simultaneus
arm and leg movements executed while changing directions.
This hyung signifies a crane standing on a rock. The present hyung of Ro Hai
has been inherited by Karate men around Tomari Village. The most characteristic
technique of the hyung is a one-foot standing stance with the other foot drawn
to deliver a kick and to shift the body from an attack. The one-leg stance
symbolizes a crane standing on the rock. The hyung has approximately forty-two
From the semicircular movement of the hands and feet. The hyung's characteristics are hand and foot movements coordinated with breathing and sliding the feet in arc-shaped movements. The foot movements are used for getting inside the opponents legs; attacking and destroying his balance. The foot sliding movements are most effective for close-in attacks.
This hyung was based upon 13 Se, which are basic foundations of all
movements. Thirteen Se meaning eigth directions (palgue): north, south, east,
west, northeast, northwest, southeast, and southwest; and five movements (heng):
forward, backward, up, down, and turn. The total movements of the hyung are 45,
excluding preparation steps. The essential elements of this hyung are slow
movements, coordination, balance, and accuracy. This hyung is to be practiced by
only very high degrees of black belt.
The meaning of the hyung Oh Ship Sa Bo is fifty Four. The hyung has 77
movements but consists of many identical movements. The key element of this form
is super speed. This hyung uses many knife-hand and super hard attacks. The
reason for this is that the hyung adopted cock-fighting methods with praying
mantis fighting methods. The form is represented by the tiger because of its
spear hand thrust, but whose movement resembles those of a drunken man. The
hyung is only for fourth Dans masters or above because of its super speed
movements. If one does not master the basic stances and techniques when this one
is practiced, then they could destroy the beauty of the form because of its
This hyung has 85 movements and is the supreme (model) hyung of the south style. There are two typical styles in the old days: the north style and the south style. The north style being Jang Sam Bong Style and the south being So Lim style.
This hyung has about 400 steps and 88 basic movements in it. This hyung is the corner stone for all hyungs. It means total harmony, truth, and the universe. It is the supreme hyung of the north style. Todays hyung, Tae Kuk Kwon, came from this. This hyung is to be taught to and practiced by only the highest of black belts.